The American war against drugs began in the 20th Century where the first confrontation occurred in 1780 until 1900. American leaders have played a key role in fighting drugs which saw President Nixon in 1969 declare drugs a national threat. The U.S. is estimated to spend up to 19.2 billion dollars annually on the war against drugs (Jakubiec, Kilcer, and Sager 2).
The battle led to the formation of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in 1973 which initially operated in American, now operates in over 40 nations (Jakubiec, Kilcer, and Sager 8). Multi-agency operations which have involved the military have over the years had successful arrests and nabbing of drug dealers and abusers. Great advances have been made in this war, which has seen the killing of drug lord Pablo Escobar and the arrest of the Panamanian General Manuel Noriega.
Upon assuming office, President Reagan dedicated 80% of the drug budget to programs aimed at the reduction of banned substances. President Bush on the other had increased military presence in the Andean region to stop production of cocaine at the source (Jakubiec, Kilcer, and Sager 8).
Jakubiec David, Kilcer Andrew, and Sager William, “The War on drugs” (2009). RIT: College of Liberal Arts 2009, Accessed from http://scholarworks.rit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2664&context=article