André Breton, a poet, was the brain behind the Surrealist movement in 1924 in Paris. Surrealism can be defined as the artistic expression of the unconscious thoughts. Before the movement, the unconscious would be left without the means to express. However, the movement emerged and brought about the means through which the thoughts would come to life. Through the written word or any other work of art, it is possible to know what the artist is thinking about. The artists access the unconscious mind, without taking time to reason or appeal to rationality (Barnes, 2001). Whatever automatically came to the unconscious would be expressed as the work of art. The artworks that were presented by the artist were upsetting and illogical because they were produced in a dreamlike status, hence far from the logical reality.
The primary intent of the movement was to come up with a solution to the contradiction that existed between the reality and the dream. The movement was founded out of the need to provide the means to express the illogical, unconscious mind, something that the previous movements were not able to capture. When the artists were given the chance, they would come up with a presentation of what they saw in the dream world and bring it to reality (Barnes, 2001). There are major communications that lie in the unconscious, which the people would be interested to interact with. Rationalism is not the only way for the artists to communicate, at least, from the point of view of the Surrealists. Therefore, the Surrealists sought to bring the world for the people to enjoy and also to learn that their dreams can come to the fore and be made into something worth entertaining people.
Barnes, R. (2001). The 20th-Century art book (Reprinted. ed.). London: Phaidon Press