Purpose: The purpose of this assignment is to give students practice locating scholarly journal articles on a topic within their preferred context and thoughtfully complete summaries of 180-250 words.
Word count Limit: The word count limit for each summary range from 180 to 250 words (The limit is 250 words).
For this assignment, you will find and read two academic peer-reviewed journal articles on each leadership theory/approach studied in this module.
Once you have done this, you will upload a document containing each article’s full citation (properly formatted to APA style) and a short description (one paragraph), as described below.
Find, download, and read one academic journal article for each of the behavioral and situational approaches leadership.
Each article should be related to your context of interest (K-12 schools, higher education, non-profit organizations, churches, military, etc.), and should be of an empirical study or literature review from a peer-reviewed, scholarly journal written within the last five years (approximately).
Do not include a book chapter, book review, dissertation, book, editorial, white paper, trade magazine article, or other non-peer-reviewed sources.
Write for each article the following information:
Full APA citation
After the citation, provide a direct link to the journal article
One paragraph containing the following information:
The reason you selected this particular article
The problem or issue investigated in the article
The method(s) the researcher used to study the problem or issue
The most important or significant finding of the study
Each summary should not exceed 250 words.
Click the Submit Assignment link (in the upper right corner) to upload your assignment. (ONE document with both articles).
Do not send submissions via Canvas’ comments, email or any other method. Only submissions sent via Assignment link will be accepted and graded. If you experience any difficulties please contact Canvas’s 24 x7help desk by clicking on the “?” on the sidebar menu.
Format- your paper according to APA guidelines. All formatting and referencing should follow The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition. Papers should be written in Times New Roman, 12-point font. Your summary should not exceed 250 words.
Behavioral & Situational Leadership Journal Article Discovery
Situational Leadership Theory
Hartman, N.S., Allen, S.J., Miguel, R.F. (2015). An exploration of Teaching Methods Used to Develop Leaders: Leadership Educators’ Perceptions. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 36(5), 454-472. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Geir_Thompson/publication/281189782_Situational_leadership_theory_A_test_from_three_perspectives/links/5702157b08aee995dde8e1c2/Situational-leadership-theory-A-test-from-three-perspectives.pdf
The reason for selecting the article by Hartman et al. (2015) is due to the fact that the authors tested the validity of Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership theory (SLT) by addressing the ambiguity related to “follower competence and commitment.” The authors focused on the different perspectives used to determine the level of follower development using the situational leadership theory. The problem being investigated in the article is the follower competence and commitment related to the leadership model. The authors analyzed and addressed the ambiguity from three perspectives: measuring follower competence, job levels, and the agreement between follower competence and commitment ratings. Hartman et al. (2015) administered quantitative questionnaires (instruments to measure the three perspectives of situational leadership theoretical validity) to 80 supervisors and 357 followers in financial organizations in Norway. The study provided critical findings applicable in practice, especially in for-profit organizations. One of the most important finding was that situational leadership theory predictions are valid when leader rating of follower competence and commitment and follower self-rating are in agreement. Therefore, the study confirmed the importance of the leader and follower’s diagnosis of follower competence and commitment to determine the validity and effectiveness of situational leadership theory. If the rating in all the three perspectives suggests mutual agreement, then it holds true that a situational leader influences follower competence and commitment and provides proper guidance and direction in organizational settings. The findings are critical in future research and practice to establish the efficacy and validity of situational leadership theory.
Behavioral Leadership Theory
Derue, D. S., Nahrgang, J. D., Wellman, N. E. D., & Humphrey, S. E. (2011). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: An integration and meta‐analytic test of their relative validity. Personnel psychology, 64(1), 7-52. Retrieved from http://php.scripts.psu.edu/faculty/s/e/seh25/DeRueNahrgangWellmanHumphrey2011.pdf
The reason for selecting the article is the focus on integrating behavioral and trait leadership models since studies focusing on each separately and inadequate. The article also focuses on the validity of the integrated leadership approach to support application in practice. Derue et al. (2011) focuses on the problem of lack of theoretical integration in leadership literature, which affects tests for relative validity. The authors addressed the problem by studying an integrative trait-behavioral model of leadership to establish its efficacy and relative validity, focusing on “leader traits (gender, intelligence, personality) and behaviors (transformational-transactional, initiating structure-consideration)” (7). The authors conducted a meta-analysis of previous studies on the two leadership models, trait and behavioral. They identified past meta-analyses by searching the online databases “PsycINFO (1887–2008) and Web of Science ISI (1970–2008)” using key terms, “leader, leadership, or manager” (22). Although they initially identified 919 articles, they filtered them and narrowed down to 79 studies. The findings established effectiveness and relative validity using 4-leadership effectiveness criteria, “leader effectiveness, group performance, follower job satisfaction, satisfaction with leader” (7). The findings revealed that, in terms of the four criteria, leadership behaviors are more important than leadership traits. However, the authors suggested that leadership traits and behaviors can together improve leadership effectiveness. Thus, the authors indicate the need for an integrated model of traits and behavioral leadership aspects to create an approach that rates highly in effectiveness and relative validity. Studying and applying the two leadership model together is better than each in isolation.