Strengths-based nursing care is an approach that focuses on the patient’s strengths and capabilities rather than their weaknesses and limitations. It is based on the assumption that every individual has inherent strengths that can be leveraged to promote health and wellness. On the other hand, the medical model of healthcare is primarily focused on diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders, often leading to a deficit-oriented approach to care. This essay will critically review and respond to the statement that “the strengths-based nursing care approach can complement the problem-based (medical model) approach to healthcare currently evident in the Australian healthcare system.”
Strengths-based nursing care can be an excellent complement to the problem-based (medical model) approach to healthcare. The strengths-based approach is centered on the patient’s strengths and abilities, which can help to build a positive and empowering relationship between the patient and healthcare provider. This approach enables the healthcare provider to identify and work with the patient’s strengths to address their health issues, rather than focusing solely on their medical conditions. The patient is seen as an active partner in their care, with the provider collaborating with them to identify their goals and develop a care plan that fits their unique strengths and abilities. The strengths-based approach also emphasizes the importance of holistic care, focusing on the patient’s physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being.
The medical model of healthcare, on the other hand, is primarily focused on identifying and treating illnesses and diseases. It uses evidence-based interventions to diagnose and treat conditions, and the patient’s condition is often the primary focus of care. The medical model emphasizes the need for objective measurements, such as lab results, imaging tests, and vital signs, to determine the course of treatment. While this approach can be effective in treating acute illnesses and conditions, it may not be effective in managing chronic conditions or promoting overall wellness.
A complementary approach between the two models can be beneficial. For example, a strengths-based approach can be useful in chronic conditions such as diabetes or heart disease, where lifestyle changes and self-management skills are necessary for effective management of the condition. In such cases, healthcare providers can identify the patient’s strengths and develop a care plan that focuses on promoting positive lifestyle changes and building on the patient’s strengths to achieve their health goals. The medical model, in turn, can be useful in treating acute illnesses, infections, and injuries.
In conclusion, a complementary approach between the strengths-based nursing care approach and the medical model can enhance the delivery of healthcare in Australia. The strengths-based approach emphasizes the patient’s strengths and abilities, leading to a more collaborative and empowering relationship between the patient and healthcare provider. The medical model, on the other hand, focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. By combining the two approaches, healthcare providers can provide more comprehensive, patient-centered care that addresses both the patient’s medical condition and their overall well-being.
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Wright, N. M., & Kneipp, S. M. (2018). A strengths-based approach to chronic illness care: Supporting patients by supporting self-efficacy, resilience, and resourcefulness. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 36(3), 236-245.