One professional practice use of theories and concepts is in the field of organizational psychology. Organizational psychologists study the behavior of individuals and groups within the context of the workplace, and use theories and concepts to inform their practice in a variety of areas, such as employee selection, training and development, performance management, and organizational change.
For example, one theory commonly used in organizational psychology is the Job Characteristics Model (JCM), which proposes that job satisfaction and motivation are influenced by five core job characteristics: skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. Organizational psychologists may use the JCM to design or redesign jobs that are more satisfying and motivating for employees. They may also use the JCM to identify which job characteristics need to be improved to increase employee satisfaction and performance.
Another concept commonly used in organizational psychology is socialization, which refers to the process of adapting to and becoming a part of a new organization. Organizational psychologists may use socialization theory to design and implement effective onboarding programs for new employees. This may involve creating opportunities for new employees to interact with their colleagues, providing them with clear expectations and goals, and helping them develop a sense of belonging and identity within the organization.
In the area of performance management, organizational psychologists may use goal-setting theory to help employees set and achieve challenging but realistic goals. Goal-setting theory proposes that setting specific and challenging goals, along with providing feedback and support, can increase motivation and performance. Organizational psychologists may work with managers to develop effective goal-setting strategies that align with the organization’s overall objectives.
Overall, theories and concepts from organizational psychology can be applied in a variety of professional practice settings to inform evidence-based practices that promote employee satisfaction, motivation, and performance, as well as organizational effectiveness and success.