Response 12. | Nursing homework help
I appreciate your response to the case study. You provided a comprehensive explanation of the diagnostic tests and treatment options for UTI, including the most common causative organisms and the recommended pharmacological treatment for children, which is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. You also mentioned the importance of educating the patient and their family members about the importance of completing the full course of medication, hygiene, proper toilet training, and bladder habits to prevent further infections.
However, it is worth noting that while trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is an effective treatment for UTI, it may not always be the first-line therapy due to the increasing prevalence of bacterial resistance (Kass, 2002). In such cases, alternative antimicrobial agents such as nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin, and cephalexin may be prescribed, based on the susceptibility testing of the causative organism. It is also important to consider the patient’s medical history, allergies, and previous antibiotic exposure when choosing an appropriate treatment regimen.