Case scenario: tuberculosis item options
There are two phases to TB treatment, each with different combinations and number of drugs used. The initial phase, called intensive phase or first-line phase, is when 4 drugs (isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) are prescribed to be taken daily for two months. This aims at killing rapidly multiplying bacteria in order to reduce chances for them developing resistance. During this phase it is important for patient compliance with the medications because if only one drug is skipped or not taken properly then it could result in reduced efficacy and emergence of resistant strains. After completion of intensive phase culture results from sputum samples should be obtained to assess whether any drug needs changing based on sensitivity test results – this process may require additional rounds of testing if response is inadequate after initial tests were conducted; however, four drugs initially prescribed will remain as part of treatment course even if changes need to be made afterwards during continuation phase which follows intensive one after patient completes two month long course with all four medications.
Continuation phase typically lasts for 4-7 months depending on response observed by medical team during checkups prior to starting second half of TB treatment course (culture tests). In most cases fewer drugs will be prescribed once patient enters continuation stage since main goal here becomes maintaining remission rather than eliminating infection altogether(which happened during intensive stage). Continuation stage usually consists out three medications: Isoniazid and Rifampin which do not have significant side effects that would outweigh their benefit; third drug might either stay same as before or change depending on results from cultures prior to entering continuation stage – Ethambutol may stay same although in some cases PAS can also be added instead/with other two mentioned above.
In conclusion, combination drug therapy has been proven effective against tuberculosis while simultaneously reducing chance that virus replicates enough times so it can develop resistance towards certain medication thereby making future treatments more difficult due its decreased sensitivity towards active ingredients found in commonly used TB medications like Isoniazid or Rifampin etc..