Literature evaluation table | profession Capstone and Practicum
The review of research literature is a critical step in the evidence-based practice process. It involves a systematic search and evaluation of current research studies, articles, and other relevant literature to inform clinical decision-making and practice. The literature review process typically involves the following steps:
- Defining the research question or problem
- Conducting a comprehensive search for relevant literature using electronic databases, reference lists, and other sources
- Evaluating the quality and relevance of the literature
- Summarizing and synthesizing the findings of the literature review
- Drawing conclusions and making recommendations for practice based on the evidence gathered
The level and strength of evidence for each research article may vary depending on the type of study design, sample size, and other factors. Some examples of evidence levels and strengths are:
- Level I: Systematic reviews or meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)
- Level II: Well-designed RCTs or quasi-experimental studies
- Level III: Non-randomized, observational studies or case-control studies
- Level IV: Expert opinion or case series without controls
The strength of the evidence may also be assessed using grading systems such as the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) system, which considers factors such as the quality of the evidence, the balance between benefits and harms, and patient values and preferences.
Overall, conducting a thorough review of research literature is an essential step in evidence-based practice and can provide valuable insights and guidance for healthcare professionals in their clinical decision-making and practice.