Module 3 interventions for patient in the clinical setting with a
Mood disorders are mental health conditions that affect a person’s emotional state and cause significant distress or impairment in their daily life. Depression and mania are two common types of mood disorders.
Depression is characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest or pleasure in activities. Mania, on the other hand, is characterized by elevated or irritable mood, increased energy, and decreased need for sleep.
Nursing interventions for mood disorders include psychoeducation, medication management, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and supportive counseling.
One problem that may not be resolved with the treatment regimen for a client with depression or mania is medication noncompliance. The reasons for medication noncompliance can be multifactorial and may include lack of insight, adverse side effects, financial constraints, or stigma associated with mental health treatment. The nursing team can collaborate with the patient and other team members to identify and address these barriers to improve adherence to the treatment regimen.
One effective nursing intervention for a patient with a mood disorder is psychoeducation. Providing information about the illness, the medications, and coping strategies can help the patient to better understand and manage their symptoms. For example, a nurse can teach a patient with depression about the importance of maintaining a regular sleep and exercise routine, practicing relaxation techniques, and engaging in enjoyable activities.
In terms of safety, it’s important for the nursing team to assess and monitor the patient’s risk for self-harm or harm to others. Implementing a suicide prevention plan, including close monitoring and frequent check-ins, can help to ensure the patient’s safety. The nursing team should also collaborate with the patient and other team members to develop a comprehensive care plan that addresses the patient’s physical, psychological, and social needs.
In conclusion, effective nursing interventions for mood disorders include psychoeducation, medication management, and supportive counseling. To ensure patient safety, it’s important for the nursing team to assess and monitor the patient’s risk for self-harm or harm to others and to collaborate with other team members to develop a comprehensive care plan.