Case study | cuiutral | Herzing University
Based on the given information, it seems that Elia could be suffering from Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). The criteria that support this diagnosis are: Elia’s frequent temper tantrums, defiance towards authority figures, and spiteful and vindictive behavior. These are all characteristic of ODD as defined by the DSM-5.
The criteria for ODD are as follows:
- Angry/irritable mood: Often loses temper, is easily annoyed, and is frequently touchy or easily frustrated.
- Argumentative/defiant behavior: Often argues with adults or authority figures, actively defies or refuses to comply with requests or rules, deliberately annoys others, and blames others for their own mistakes or misbehavior.
- Vindictiveness: Is often spiteful or vindictive.
Additionally, other comorbidities that Elia might be at risk for include conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, and mood disorders. It is also possible that Elia may develop substance abuse or dependence later on in life. It is important for her to continue to see therapists and mental health professionals to receive appropriate treatment and support.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder can be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Children who have a family history of mental health disorders, including ADHD, depression, and anxiety, are at an increased risk for developing ODD. Environmental factors such as poor parenting, inconsistent discipline, and abuse or neglect can also contribute to the development of ODD. It is important for mental health professionals to conduct a thorough evaluation to identify the possible causes of the disorder and to develop an appropriate treatment plan.