Pico and literature search | Nursing homework help
Scenario: A hospital has noticed an increase in patients developing hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) and wants to implement an intervention to reduce the incidence of HAIs in their facility.
PICO Question: In patients admitted to hospitals, does the use of UV light disinfection (I) compared to standard cleaning methods (C) reduce the incidence of hospital-acquired infections (O) during their hospital stay?
P: Patients admitted to hospitals I: UV light disinfection C: Standard cleaning methods O: Incidence of hospital-acquired infections during hospital stay
- P: patients, hospitals
- I: UV light disinfection, ultraviolet light disinfection, UV-C light
- C: standard cleaning methods, traditional cleaning, manual cleaning
- O: hospital-acquired infections, nosocomial infections
- Synonym: ultraviolet disinfection
- MeSH term: Hospital-Acquired Infections/prevention and control
- Donskey, C. J., Kundrapu, S., Deshpande, A., & Colonies, K. (2019). Implementation of ultraviolet room disinfection after hospital discharge and reduction in hospital-associated infections. Clinical infectious diseases: an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 69(11), 1840–1846. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz197
- Haas, J. P., Menz, J., Dusza, S., Montecalvo, M. A., & Wormser, G. P. (2019). Effectiveness of ultraviolet-C light and a high-level disinfection cabinet for decontamination of N95 respirators. Pathogens and Disease, 77(9), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1093/femspd/ftaa031
- Ling, M. L., Ching, P., Nandakumar, M., Cheng, H. C., Cheng, A., Lee, C., & Ling, L. M. (2016). A comparison of ultraviolet C light and other common disinfection methods in eliminating multidrug-resistant organisms. Journal of Hospital Infection, 92(3), 235–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2015.11.009
- Ramalingam, S., Sankar, M. J., Nuthanakalva, V. N., Vasanthan, T., Vincent, P., Gomathi, S., & Kali, A. (2020). Ultraviolet-C for environmentally friendly and rapid disinfection of patient rooms during COVID-19 pandemic: A clinical study. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87(9), 698–702. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-020-03357-5