valuation using free cash flows (fcf)

The current value of the firm at the end of year 5 can be determined using a constant growth model. This type of model takes into account expected future cash flows and uses them to calculate the present value. The first step in this process is to calculate the terminal value which can be done by using the following formula: Terminal Value = (Future Cash Flows x (1+ Growth Rate)) / (Opportunity cost of Capital – Growth Rate).

Given that we’ve been provided with a set of expected free cash flows for years 1-5 as well as an opportunity cost of capital (10%) and a stable growth rate for years after 5 (7%) – we can use this formula to determine that our terminal value is $991 million.

From there – it becomes easier to calculate our current value. We merely need to take each individual cash flow amount, multiply it by its present value factor then add up all these values together; finally adding in our calculated terminal value. In total, this would give us a current firm value at year 5 equal to $2,492 million.

Ultimately – understanding how to utilize various models such as constant growth is essential when making investment decisions! By incorporating these techniques – businesses have access to powerful tools which enable them make data-driven choices based on accurate metrics and reliable information.