Credit risk management | Nursing homework help
Prior to the financial collapse, many banks failed to properly manage risk due to a number of factors. Firstly, they had adopted an overly optimistic view that investments would remain stable and not suffer any losses during a recessionary period. This led banks to take on more risk than was necessary in order to maximize their profits. Additionally, in some cases banks failed to recognize or account for the increased levels of risk associated with certain types of investments such as sub-prime mortgage-backed securities and derivatives. These products were difficult for even experienced bankers to fully understand and the lack of understanding caused them to underestimate the potential risks associated with those investments.
Furthermore, many banks did not have adequate systems in place or procedures for measuring and managing risk effectively, which allowed excessive risks taken by investment bankers unchecked by senior management. Banks also often used complex financial instruments that made it difficult for regulators and auditors alike to identify potential problems with banking activities before they became too severe, resulting in significant losses when markets suddenly changed direction.
Finally, another contributing factor was a culture focused on short-term profits instead of long-term stability within the banking system itself; this encouraged reckless behavior from both investors and lenders leading up to the financial crisis. All these factors together meant that when economic conditions deteriorated severely enough most banks were unable or unwilling able adequately prepare themselves against potential losses; eventually leading up what came be known as “the Great Recession” around 2008/2009