Lymph nodes | Health Assessment | Rasmussen College System
The ears should be assessed for any drainage from the canal or obstruction in hearing. Inspecting behind the ear can reveal nystagmus (involuntary rhythmic eye movements) which can indicate a possible neurological disorder. The eyes should be assessed simultaneously for visual acuity, redness/inflammation that may indicate infection as well as pupil size and symmetry to evaluate cranial nerve involvement.
The face should then be palpated along with areas around the forehead and temples to assess muscle tone and strength as well as sensation related to trigeminal nerves (CN V). Neck mobility and range of motion can also help identify any potential issues with movement such as torticollis. Palpating the lymph nodes can help detect enlarged glands suggesting infection or other illnesses such as leukemia that may present itself in this area. Additionally, it is important to inspect all aspects of pigmentation on the head and neck when evaluating skin health including moles, freckles etc., noting changes over time if applicable (ABCDE rule). Lastly assessing palpation deep down into muscle tissue through hand pressure can help determine tightness/tenderness which could suggest trauma or musculoskeletal injury that needs further medical attention beyond what basic assessment offers.