Mid-term examination (5 points each) a+ rated
The cost incurred by a firm when producing an additional unit of output is known as marginal cost. This can be defined as the total change in the costs associated with increasing production by one unit. Marginal cost is calculated by taking the total cost of the goods produced, subtracting it from the previous period’s total costs and then dividing that result by the number of new units produced. Marginal cost includes both fixed and variable costs associated with production such as labor, material, overhead expenses, utilities and other components involved in manufacturing processes.
Marginal cost can vary widely depending on factors such as economies of scale and technological advancements that affect efficiency gains over time or reduce input costs. For example, if a company implements automation to increase its production capacity without having to add more workers or materials for each additional unit of output then this will likely lead to lower marginal costs than those experienced before automation was introduced. Additionally, if the organization has access to cheaper raw materials due to better purchasing practices then their marginal costs could be reduced significantly compared to competitors who do not have these advantages available.
In general terms marginal cost provides an idea of how much it takes for a firm to produce an extra unit beyond what they are currently producing which gives valuable insight into understanding how much profit they may potentially make from increased sales volume. Although there is no definitive answer since margins depend on a variety of factors including current market conditions and industry trends it does provide firms with important information when making decisions about potential expansion projects or investments in technology improvements which could ultimately lead towards higher profitability levels over time.