locate and discuss a scholarly article that describes a failed
The first article discusses the implementation of KM programs and the second covers improved hospital performance. The two articles use different theories to explain how successful implementations take place.
In the first article, a top-down approach is used which involves senior management driving change in an organization by creating strategies that involve staff at all levels. This theory emphasizes communication between leaders and employees as well as providing clear objectives for success. Additionally, it highlights the importance of developing relationships between stakeholders involved in the process.
The second article focuses on bottom-up approaches which involve individuals or groups initiating changes from within an organization without necessarily having permission from higher level management. This theory acknowledges that people lower down in an organizational structure often have more insight into what works best than those in charge and thus their ideas should be incorporated into plans for improvement. It also stresses the need for collaboration among those at all levels to create innovative solutions that can better address challenges faced by an organization.
Overall, both articles focus on different ways to effectively enact change within organizations but share common themes such as strong communication, relationship building, and gathering insights from multiple perspectives when designing initiatives.