Ct m4a1: defining types of causation
Example 1: Correlation Causality – Eating a healthy diet can lead to improved physical health.
This is a correlation causality claim because it implies that the cause of improved physical health is the change in diet, and thus the two are correlated. This type of causality suggests that there is a relationship between one event (eating a healthy diet) and another event (improved physical health). The implication here is that by eating healthier, an individual will be able to improve their overall wellness. The statement does not necessarily mean that eating a healthy diet causes improved physical health but rather suggests that there could be some sort of relationship between these two variables.
Example 2: Reverse Causality – Increased traffic leads to higher levels of air pollution.
This is an example of reverse causality because it claims that air pollution increases as traffic levels increase, suggesting that high levels of air pollution are causing more people to drive cars instead of other means of transport. This type of causation implies that there could be underlying factors at play such as economic stability or access to public transportation which in turn could lead people to rely on cars more often than other methods and therefore contribute to increased traffic and consequently, increased levels of air pollution.