Module 05 written assignment – concept map: respiratory process
A complete assessment of a patient with a respiratory disorder would include an evaluation of their physical and psychological health, as well as their environment. Physical examination should focus on the chest, lungs, heart and abdomen. Auscultation (listening to breathing sounds) can help detect various conditions such as wheezing or crackles that may be associated with some respiratory diseases. Additional tests like pulmonary function tests, imaging studies (x-ray, CT scan), blood tests and sputum analysis may also be conducted for further examination.
In addition to the physical evaluation of the patient’s condition, psychological assessment is also important to identify any underlying stressors that may have caused or contributed to the development of their illness. The patient’s lifestyle habits and environmental exposures should also be considered when diagnosing a respiratory disorder; things like smoking history, exposure to air pollutants or allergens could play a role in causing respiratory issues and need to be investigated properly.
The overall goal of this assessment process is twofold: firstly it helps determine which specific diagnosis is most likely responsible for the patient’s symptoms, while secondly providing insight into risk factors which can then be addressed in order to reduce exacerbations/complications from the illness in future. Proper management includes both medical treatment – including medications such as bronchodilators or steroids – as well as lifestyle modifications if applicable (quitting smoking etc.).