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1. Professional Responsibility: Oncology nurses must ensure that they are making decisions within their scope of practice while providing quality care to patients. This includes protecting patient privacy, advocating for patient autonomy, and avoiding conflicts of interest when making treatment decisions.
2. Conflict of Interests: Oncology nurses may have professional relationships with pharmaceutical companies or other healthcare entities which could create potential conflicts of interest when treating individual patients. They must be mindful of these relationships and take steps to minimize any impact on their clinical judgments.
3. Informed Consent: Oncology nurses must make sure that all treatments provided to a patient are done so after obtaining informed consent from the patient or their family members/caregivers where appropriate. The nurse should also provide education about the risks, benefits, and alternatives associated with each course of action being considered in order to ensure the safety and best interests of the patient at all times.
4. End-of-Life Care: When caring for terminally ill patients, it is important for oncology nurses to respect end-of-life wishes while managing pain levels related to palliative care interventions appropriately.
In order to work with these ethical issues, oncology nurses have developed strategies such as implementing policies regarding disclosure requirements; engaging in continuing education related to ethics; maintaining open communication with colleagues regarding potential conflicts of interest; practicing active listening skills during discussions around treatment options; developing clear plans for informed consent processes tailored to each individual case; and ensuring that end-of-life wishes are respected whenever possible.