Gender inequality is different from other forms of discrimination. Both within the family and beyond, gender inequality is a reality. Families are seen as separate structures with different resources and income. This is common economic thinking. Agarwal 2, which describes the leadership who makes sure that duties are fairly divided and property is shared by all members. Gender discrimination arises out of differences in wealth and income as well as social norms and intuition. These differences in economic benefits, as well as cultural norms and social intuition, are all factors that contribute to gender discrimination. Current regulations regarding gender discrimination do not address discrimination but sex. Gender disparity continues to exist in the vast majority of countries because the adopted initiatives don’t address biological variations such as family life and childbearing.
It is important to distinguish between gender and sex. Sometimes the terms “sex”, and “gender” may be interchangeable. However, “sex” refers to someone’s biological condition as either male, female or intersexual. Genitalia, hormones, chromosomes, and organs determine sex. Gender is defined socially by the rights, obligations and benefits associated with being male or female in certain settings, along with the authority that comes with it (Heise et. al. 1-2)”. This view of gender differs from one that views gender only as an identity or trait. In the past, gender was viewed as a social framework which distinguishes men from women. This social framework distributes resources and power based on differences. Gender structures are not neutral but they have an inherent patriarchal nature, giving men superior quality and value over women.