a. Spontaneous vs Organized Revolt/Insurrection/Revolution
Revolution is the sudden emergence of disorder. This is usually unplanned and spontaneous, often unintentional, hasty. A typical revolution cannot be predicted; therefore, one can not predict it.
b. Coups d’État as opposed to Civil Wars
A coup d’état entails the violent seizure of power, while civil wars are insurrections that divide a nation into two or more groups. The factions seize control of the areas they have occupied and create an army after a short period of chaos (Galula 2006).
d. Insurrection against Guerrilla
i. A protracted war, also known as an insurgency, is one that has been planned and waged gradually to achieve the individual’s transitional goals. (Galula (2006) These are the intermediate goals that eventually result in the overthrow and demise of the current government.
ii. Guerrilla warfare is small-scale conflict with established order which contributes to insurgency.
c. Guerrilla/Urban/International Terrorism (Refer to White/Dyson).
Influential factions can use terror to incite revolution or wage guerilla war (White, 2013, White). Tactical terrorism is directed at their political enemies and their allies.
• Domestic terrorism refers to political extremism, as well as any acts that encourage and promote participation in violent activities for political ends.
• Transnational Terrorism consists of foreigners fighting in a foreign nation.
• State-sponsored terrorism refers to the federal government’s backing for political extremism.
The difference between international terrorist and insurgent/guerrilla organisations – International terrorism involves extreme threats to a country that originates from another country. Influential factions can incite revolution or engage in guerilla warfare. This is why they use terrorist tactics (White 2013, 2013). Tactical terrorism is directed at their political enemies and allies.
There are several types of terrorism
Nationalist-Revolutionary Insurgency/Guerrilla-Revolutionary Insurgency happens when a group of individuals engages in violent acts to alter the political system or direction of the community in a particular area or nation. This group is dedicated to overthrowing the existing administration.
Nationalist-Revolutionary/Secessionist Terrorism – Secessionist Terrorism results from the radical actions of a group fighting for support from the civilian populace.
Trans-National (internal, regional and international operations): Foreign fanatics fighting for another country. Transnational support is provided within a country or region to boost the terrorists’ power.
International Terrorism: A threat made by an enemy nation to a country’s homeland is called international terrorism.
State-Terror (State-Repression=Islamic Iran). State-terror is a state-sponsored act of terror. This includes the imposition and execution of interdictions, mass killing, torture, or persecution in a specific jurisdiction. Iran is one example.