Contraceptives were the government’s primary method for population control for a long time. In 2016, the government endorsed male fertility control as one contraceptive concept (Extance). It has been subject to scientific inquiry and has been supported by governments as a way of managing global overpopulation. Elsimar Coutinho, a well-known Brazilian fertility and sexual specialist advocated the use gossypol tablets for male contraceptives. In 1960s China, Dr. Coutinho partnered with Chinese officials to give contraception for men. The government conducted experiments with gossypol tablets in 1972 on at most 8,806 males. (Extance 2016, 2016). It was demonstrated that it worked by reducing the number of sperm in males. Contraception can have side effects. Low potassium levels were found in at least 66 people who participated in the Gossypol study. The pill also caused a drop in sperm counts that did not improve after the men quit using it. Contraception is still used to control population, even though it has some undesirable side effects.
Experts conducted further research on gossypol and discovered that the contraceptive not only stopped the passage of sperm but also damaged the epididymis, which is responsible for the storage of sperm after it was produced in the testicles. In 1986, the Chinese government and World Health Organization (WHO), concluded that gossypol wasn’t producing desired results (Extance 2016, 2016). Family planning is now a popular topic that interests both governments and organizations. The concept is now more focused on women than men who use contraception. Some men are interested in participating in family planning to relieve their wives from the side effects associated with female contraception. Coutinho revealed that most men worry about losing their masculinity.
Gossypol therefore finds its home in most developing countries with an expanding population. The medication was used in Brazil to limit bulls’ reproduction potential. Because it’s made from Brazil cotton lint (which is cheap in Brazil), gossypol can be easily obtained there. Bulls are given this feces, which, according to farmers, has many sexual encounters and is incapable of procreation. Gossypol was used to suppress their sexual ability so it wasn’t just a natural one (Extance 2016, 2016).