There are many causes of acute gastritis. These include bacteria, infection, trauma, germs and stomach-irritating substances like alcohol, steroids and spicy foods. The most prevalent cause of acute gastritis has been identified as the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacterium (Azer & Akhondi, 2020). Socioeconomic and environmental hygiene have been established as key determinants in the transmission of H. pylori (Azer & Akhondi, 2020). Because of poor hygiene practices in most economically deprived households, H. Pylori-associated Gastritis occurs more frequently in developing countries than it is in developed ones.
Acute gastritis can lead to stomach inflammation. Chronic, acute discomfort can result from inflammation. Chronic gastritis can develop if untreated. This is due to chronic exposure to causal elements, which causes excessive loss of mucosal cells in the fundus and antrum. (). (Azer & Akhondi, 2020). Acute gastritis has pain bursts that last less time and are more severe than chronic gastritis.
Acute gastritis can be mild or severe. Some people may experience nausea and vomiting. The presence of any one or more of these symptoms could indicate that you have chronic gastritis. Gastritis is a condition that can be confused with other illnesses like food poisoning, peptic disorders, or gallbladder issues. However, these symptoms may not always present in the same way as those associated with chronic gastritis.