First, we need an impartial mediator to resolve conflicts. This is the premise of our first discourse. The United States cannot be considered a neutral entity, and therefore is not capable of resolving conflicts. Jim’s argument doesn’t establish any connection between it and itself, for instance. After addressing mediator neutrality, he concluded that the United States could not be impartial as a mediator because it is the only superpower. It is false to imply that the United States is the only superpower. Although the United States might be the strongest superpower on the planet, it is not the only one. Other countries, such as Germany and Japan, Russia, China and China are just as powerful. Jim does not provide any additional information to link his idea of neutrality as mediator with the United States role.
Roger on the contrary, doesn’t address Jim’s points. Roger ignores mediation, and focuses only on the United States’ role in the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian war. Roger states that both the United States and Israel may apply pressure to each other, but this is not the fundamental concept of mediation. Surma (2018) lists mediator independence among the key principles of mediation. It means that the mediator does not have any bias towards the conflicting parties, and that he or she seeks to arbitrate solutions for both the benefit of the sides. Rogers’s assertion is therefore false because it isn’t part of an efficient mediation process where the arbiter can have an influence on reconciliation.
This is how Jim and Roger will reconstruct their conversation:
Jim: Jim, It’s unfair that the United States is involved in the Israeli/Palestinian war. The United States is one of the most powerful countries on Earth.
Rogers says: Rogers, I am fine with the United States mediating this situation. They are one of two nations that can influence the other to come to an agreement.
Jim: An impartial mediator between disputing parties should not be involved. The proceeding won’t be fair if the mediator is biased against one party. The mediator will not be objective, and the mediation may prove ineffective.