Complex architecture and sculpture were the main characteristics of the Greek Age. They had an enormous impact on the western civilisation and cultures now displayed in the West. The Near Eastern and Egyptian conceptions of monumental art and architecture influenced Greek sculpture and architecture between 800 BCE and 300 BCE. This was however transformed over the years into a unique Greek approach to building. Simpleness, perspective and proportion were the hallmarks of Greek architecture. The best architects combined aesthetics and function to build structures that were both beautiful and efficient. (Pierattini 2018). The most notable architectural monuments of this period were the temples and theaters. While Greek architecture is derived from neoclassical architectural concepts, it has been significantly modified by adding an elegance that enhances practicality.
Architecture and art from Greece continue to influence the architecture industry today. Architrave is a beam which rests on columns during construction to support and aesthetic purposes. Triglyph, the carved panel signaling the end of beams was also adopted from Greek architecture. You can see relief in most sculptures around the globe (Sabri 2018, 2018). This method, which was developed by the Greeks involves sculpting figures that adhere to the stones from which they were carved. Greek architecture has influenced the design and techniques used in western civilisations. Many people also visit these historic places to find out more about their past.
Athens’ Parthenon is an iconic architectural structure that offers tourists information on historical perspectives. These landmarks have been the foundation of Western architecture, including the Lincoln Memorial in Washington and the Prado Museum Madrid.