It is the oldest historical practice to deprive certain groups of their rights. The foundation for racial segregation was established in America by slavery. The society’s worst horrors were faced by the minority black race. After the American Civil War, which ended in the nineteenth century, came the dawn of neoslavery. In this era, African-Americans did not have to be enslaved or made to farm labor, but rather were managed by institutions. Neoslavery is also known as modern or contemporary slavery. It involves the institutionization of slavery. The majority of the disadvantaged and minorities in the 20th century fought against racism and injustice as a result of slavery. This movement worked to dissuade government oppression and discrimination against black people and raised awareness. This taught the minority the importance of equality and liberty. Title VII of Civil Rights Act was passed to criminalize discrimination.
Second, the US has a discriminatory and manipulative immigrant policy. Europeans had settled in the United States before 1965. The government, however, has taken several measures to discourage immigrants. Segal and colleagues. According to Segal and colleagues (2019), Americans considered immigrants from Europe inferior. Many East European and Asian immigrants were subject to prejudice. But, The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act assisted with the removal of discriminatory quota systems which favor western Europeans over Latin American immigrants. It increased immigration from Latin America and Eastern Europe. In 1975, 75% of the immigrants who came to America were from Asia or Latin America. This legislation has resulted in an increase of immigrants. It is predicted that by 2065, three quarters of America’s population will be made up of immigrants and their offspring.
A person’s ability to understand and apply the cultures of other people and groups to their lives and to improve them is called cultural competency. Cultural competence transcends diversity and involves a deep understanding of past and present realities for people of many different cultures (Segal, et al. 2019,). Effective social workers should have many skills to offer services to diverse communities. Social workers who have cultural competence are able to avoid stereotypes, stigmatizing, discriminating and discriminating towards clients and their coworkers. This helps professionals embrace diversity and fosters collaboration between stakeholders, which in turn enhances social work goals. Culturally competent social workers are sensitive to minorities and disadvantaged populations. Their productivity is increased by expanding their knowledge and perspectives. Danso (2018) states that culturally competent professionals can understand the dissatisfaction of their customers by looking at their past and current environment.