The Sadducees, in Jewish culture, were an upper-class group consisting mainly of high priests, merchants, and aristocratic families. These were prominent, wealthy members of society. The Sadducees were close friends with Roman emperors during the reign of Jesus Christ. They were the benefactors and protectors of the Roman Empire, which was a dominant force in the Jewish world. Because of their authority and dominance within the Jewish community, the Sadducees gained control of Order and two other important institutions. Most likely, the head of Sanhedrin was a Sadducee. These were the Temple of Jerusalem (the governing body of religious and legal operations) and the Sanhedrin (the chief of the Sanhedrin), which were both institutions.
They were a powerful sect, with great influence over both the Temple and the legal authorities. Their religious ideas played a critical role in the establishment of spiritual beliefs and activities. The group first placed great importance on Moses’ writings (the Torah). They believed that the Bible was the best authority in matters of religion and life. The significance and influence of oral tradition was ignored by the Sadducees, who were distinguished from the Pharisees. They believed that they had complete freedom and God did not have any influence on their actions or lives. Everyone was in control of their destiny and actions. The law was observed and offenders were punished with great importance. Because they closely followed the Temple worship and sacrifices, the followers and disciples of Jesus were suspicious of any other religions. This was seen as an attempt to disrupt established temple customs. The Sadducees believed there wasn’t an afterlife nor a resurrection of the dead (Matthew22:23-29).
The mission of Christ was viewed by the Sadducees as a threat to the Jewish religious and legal order. The party was ready to compromise with Rome authorities and had established a religious conservatism. Their political actions undermined the spiritual practices of and belief systems of Sadducees. Regev 130: The Sadducees were shocked when the people began to believe in Jesus and accepted His teachings. Jesus Christ had a poor relationship with Sadducees. Christ’s teachings focused on the moral code, rather than Moses’ rules which were at the heart of the Sadducees’ religion. The Sadducees had a difficult relationship with Jesus because they considered Jesus to be a threat to their power, and to their respect for the Torah. The Sadducees’ association with Rome led to Jesus’ death and crucifixion.
Jesus condemned the Sadducees and highlighted their depravity, selfishness, and egocentric ambitions. Jesus describes them as corrupt and adulterous people who rely on signs instead of the certainty that God’s word.