The controversy surrounding the deconstruction of the distinction between mental health and mental disease has hampered attempts at dismantling it in recent years. This view may have been exacerbated by cultural factors, social issues and individual influences (Segal, et al. 2013, 2013). It is not possible to use one general term for mental health or mental disease. It is not possible to define and diagnose mental diseases and mental health. Although doctors may give precise descriptions of symptoms, they can vary from one person to the next (Segal and al., 2013,). Borderline individuals can have symptoms that are difficult to diagnose. There are many symptoms that can be experienced. A majority of people feel ashamed and embarrassed about their mental illnesses and mental health. This affects their willingness to seek treatment. Due to its stigmatization, the word “mental illness” has become extinct. It is not something that most people even think about. Mental health is the preferred word. This euphemism allows individuals to deal with mental issues.
The DSM-5 revisions caused a major setback in attempts to provide more clarity for psychiatry. This was due to the influence of the pharmaceutical industry and the unhealthy desire to medicalize common activities. At least 25% of American adults suffer from diagnosable mental disorders (Pereira & Skovdal, 2022). The psychiatric medical field has been criticized for not being able to accurately diagnose mental disorders due to cultural differences. One culture might consider a mental disorder, but another may see it differently. This gap was addressed by the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) standard reference tool. In May 2013, the American Psychiatric Association released DSM-5. This was a complicated process that saw many disagreements and conflicts. The DSM handbook is a key reference for illness diagnosis and insurance benefits. It also has an impact on special education and court procedure. However, several members of the review panel resigned against recent modifications. The ambiguity around mental health and mental illness definitions will continue until society works together to reduce stigmatization and create a supportive environment for those seeking treatment.