Between 1990-1992 to 2014-2016, Sub-Saharan Africa (the Caribbean, Southern Asia and Oceania) experienced the most decline. Sub-Saharan Africa saw a decrease of 33% to 23% while the Caribbean experienced a decline from 27% and 20%. Southern Asia suffered a drop from 24%, 16%, 14%, and 14% respectively. (Ki-Moon, 2015). Oceania saw the smallest drop in 1990-1992, and only 2% between 2014-2016. Southern Asia is home to more than 281 millions people who are hungry. Oceania, however, has seen a modest increase in population. The region relies on imports to a large extent. According to Ki-Moon (2015), while the sub-Saharan Africa hunger rate has declined, it has seen an increase in the number of people who are undernourished.
The areas experiencing the greatest reductions in severe hunger are Latin America, South-Eastern Asia and Eastern Asia. This is due to two decades of economic development in these regions. Food insecurity has dropped to 5% in Northern Africa over the same period, and the country is poised for eradication (Ki Moon 2015). China is responsible over 67% for the worldwide decrease in malnutrition.
Diverse success factors are responsible for the differences in each location’s achievements. Economic expansion is the key to success in regions that are most advanced. Ki-Moon (2015) states that areas experiencing the lowest growth rate are those with low population growth. They also have high levels of import dependence, civil conflict, economic, and political instability.
You can make significant progress in those areas that are experiencing the lowest level of decline. One method is to focus on agriculture operations in order to increase food production and reduce import dependency (von Braun et. al., 2021). The government can also control population through different family planning options (von Braun, 2021). The final goal is to avoid human-related conflicts which can lead to civil wars and political instability.