Unexpected events can disrupt a person’s normal coping strategies and cause instability. A crisis can also be characterized by pain and impairment. An individual situation such as the loss of a close friend or divorce could lead to a crisis. Community-based crises can be caused by horrible acts of nature, such as storms and floods (Segal and al. 2019, 2019). A crisis is a situation that causes extreme distress, stress, or danger. The broad structure of a crisis can accommodate many kinds of stress and disasters.
DSM-5 defines trauma as any event that causes a psychological or physical injury. Trauma can result in the death or serious injury of a family member, as well as physical and psychological harm. Trauma can cause stress and there’s a link between stress and the occurrence of catastrophes (Segal, et al. 2019). Trauma has one primary characteristic: the tendency for life-threatening or dangerous traumatic events to occur or to be treated as such.
As individuals age, they may encounter different traumas. A single individual or the entire family can be affected by trauma. These traumatic events include accidents, armed robberies and house fires. These traumatic experiences can impact on or threaten people and their households (Segal, et al. 2019, 2019). A significant number of people can be affected by natural calamities like floods and hurricanes. Destabilizing events during combat are another source of stress. Many Americans are affected by violence that continues in their communities.