Industrialized nations will take steps to mitigate the effects of the energy climate crisis. Industrialized nations have reduced their dependence on oil, and are exploring alternative energy sources that emit minimal carbon. The optimism about ecological sustainability has been boosted by a reduction in oil consumption worldwide (Mohsin and al., 2002). For example, in 1973 46.2% of the global population was dependent on oil and 24% depended upon coal. 16% relied on natural gas. Oil dependence fell to 31 percent in 2018, while natural gas and coal consumption rose to 27%/22 respectively. Technology development has made it easier to think about hydro-energy and other forms of energy, such as biofuels, nuclear energy, and waste. Even though renewable energy consumption has been increasing, industrialized nations must reconsider their dependence on coal. The buildup carbon from coal and other fossil fuels is a significant factor in climate change. United States, Russia and China are the largest oil consumers. They must research alternative sources of energy and dedicate substantial resources to the transition to renewable energy.
To increase their energy production, the nations might invest in nuclear energy. Because nuclear energy leaves little carbon behind, it is ideal for developing countries such as China and the United States who want to lower their carbon footprint. China’s nuclear capabilities have been enhanced by building nuclear power stations near major urban centres. The use of nuclear energy can reduce our dependence on coal and oil. To increase their renewable energy resources, nations should invest in wind power and hydropower dams. They may also invest in solar panels or subsidise their development, which will make it less expensive for them to provide energy. To prevent overexploitation of natural resource, nations should develop energy-efficient products. The carbon footprint is reduced by using energy-efficient devices.