This is known as major depressive disorder (MDD). MDD can be described as a mood disorder that is marked by depression, loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities, mood swings and impaired social, occupational, educational, and sleep functioning. While diagnosing MDD patients, therapists need to evaluate them for co-occurring disorders such as substance abuse, mental disorders, or grief. MDD is diagnosed by therapists using both A and B criteria. One criterion includes a dark mood, decreased energy and less interest in normal activities. Criterion B on the other side is characterised by low self confidence and self-esteem as well as feelings of guilt and shame. It also includes anorexia and sleep problems, anorexia and lower self-esteem. There are three types of depression: mild, moderate and severe. The presence of minor MDD can result in mild functional impairment.
Modest MDD refers to the presence of at least one symptom in criteria A, and up to two or three from criterion C. This results in mild functional impairment. Substantial MDD is defined by all the symptoms listed in column A and three of the symptoms listed in criteria B. This results in significant functional impairment including suicidal thoughts and attempts and psychosis.
GAD can be defined as persistent anxiety and increased tension, even when there is no clear reason. It could be about their family’s income, education, or health. In a way that is not appropriate to the circumstances. This inability of managing concern must last at least six month. It should be accompanied with symptoms such as fatigue and weakness and difficulties sleeping. GAD sufferers may expect disaster, even though there’s no obvious cause. GAD is more common in women than it is among men, and the most severe symptoms are seen in middle-aged and young adults.
Client demonstrates the appropriate DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. The following are the symptoms: Consistent anxiety and concern regarding a wide range of events or activities
It is difficult to deal with anxiety and concerns that have been there for more than six months.
Excessive stress is experienced in the social, occupational, and other functions of one’s life. It is not related to drug addiction or another mental illness.
Responder’s information provides an example of bipolar-euphoricmania. This is different from hypomania or severe depression episodes which can similarly result in a heightened mood and energy without any delusions. Additionally, bipolar depression should not be confused for bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a severe mental condition that can lead to severe sadness or even mania. Bipolar disorder may also include low self-esteem or sleeplessness, anxiety and excessive guilt. They usually are absent from the case client.