Erickson’s fourth stage of the psychological stages is “Industry against Inferiority”, which applies to children aged between 5 and 13. It is defined by the appearance of idleness, and the start to exert laborious effort. This stage is marked by the acquisition and satisfaction with the work done. The student’s self-respect is a prerequisite for this level. It depends on the mastery of their work and equipment. The satisfaction that comes from completing tasks and the detail-oriented attention required to achieve the highest possible outcome are two of the benefits of work. Unprepared children can suffer from low self-esteem, insecurity and feelings of inferiority. It could also be due to lack of purpose at the previous stage, or the destructions that have occurred in the current.
Because psychology and behavior are closely linked, vulnerability must be considered in the treatment program. Student’s attitude can make a big difference in their ability to succeed or fail in class. One example is that if a student feels self-doubt about their teaching, they won’t trust that the teacher will improve their academic performance (Churchill, et. al. 2019,). The research into developmental susceptibility can be used to aid teachers in choosing the most effective method for student performance evaluation and motivation. The society plays an important role in shaping the personality and inner thoughts of children. Bergee and Grashel (1921) say that individuality is triggered by a sociocultural environment. Erikson believes that teachers should encourage students to develop a cohesive personality and a sense community.
Erickson’s Stage 4 psychosocial stages is critical for the development and success of innovative, highly individualistic students. Negative precursors can be helpful for students who struggle with their self-esteem. The action plan will make it easy for teachers to create lesson plans and perform assessments for students according to their strengths and weaknesses.