Part 2: Comparing and Contrasting Theories
write a 2- to 3-page paper to compare the main theories used in the assignment. Create a title page and a references page in APA format.
Address the similarities and differences between each theory in the paper.
Use at least 3 additional resources to support the comparisons made in the paper.
Support your answers using appropriate professional resources cited in APA format.
Maturational theories (Arnold Gesell)
Behaviorism (skinner, Watson, bandura, pavlov)
Psychosocial theory(erikson )
Constructivism(jean piaget, Montessori, Vygotsky,bronfenbrenner)
Part 1: Milestones Graphic/Chart
Refer to the Milestones Chart in the Template Tables document. Compose an introductory paragraph for the chart.
In the chart, identify milestones and typical patterns of behavior for each developmental domain based on the specified theoretical foundation.
Include major theorists and a summary of their research or theory for specific age groups.
For example, from a Maturationist’s perspective, children’s environments should be adapted to their genetically determined needs and characteristics. Gesell, who was a maturationist, taught that growth follows a fixed sequence determined primarily by intrinsic factors. There is a particular age for learning specific cognitive, social and emotional skills. To support his findings, he cited results from systematic observations of children that he conducted when they were at different ages. For the maturation column, you can start by using Gesell. However, you need to complete each column. You might find there is enough information in the readings and presentations to complete the columns, or you may need to conduct a bit of your own research.
For example, in the physical domain, consider these questions:
· What does the maturational theory believe that children of a certain age do?
· Who is credited for this theory?
· How does a baby develop? Discuss the cephalocaudal (head-to-foot) trend. At what age/stage of life does the baby develop these physical traits?
In the cognitive domain, consider these questions:
· How do Maturationists think that children learn?
· How does the brain develop?
· How does language develop?
· Are there typical stages that children go through as they acquire cognitive skills?
In the social domain, consider the following:
· How do children form social relationships?
· Are there any stages that children go through when developing trusting relationships with others?
In the emotional domain, consider the following:
· How do you think the maturationist view emotional development in children?
Complete all columns in the chart (for the maturation, constructivist, and behaviorist theorists).
As you complete the columns, identify the milestones/typical behavior patterns that occur at each stage of development. Associate the theorists with each column and provide the specific age group when these characteristics are likely to occur. It is important to remember that not all theorists had opinions in all domains in development.
Part of the challenge of this activity is to demonstrate how you can succinctly condense a large amount of information into a chart. Therefore, select only the most important and relevant elements for each cell.