Activity-Based Costing, Journal Entries, T-Accounts, and Preparing an Income Statement. Custom Furniture Company. The only difference is that this problem uses activity-based costing to allocate overhead costs rather than one plantwide rate. Recall that inventory beginning balances were $25,000 for raw materials inventory, $35,000 for work-in-process inventory, and $90,000 for finished goods inventory.
Management of Custom Furniture Company would like to use activity-based costing to allocate overhead costs totaling $1,140,000 rather than one plantwide rate based on direct labor hours. The following estimates are for the activities and related cost drivers identified as having the greatest impact on overhead costs.
Transactions for the month of May are shown as follows:
- Raw materials were purchased during the month for $15,000 on account.
- Raw materials totaling $21,000 were placed in production: $3,000 for indirect materials (glue, screws, nails, and the like) and $18,000 for direct materials (wood planks, hardware, etc.).
- Timesheets from the direct labor workforce show total costs of $40,000, to be paid the next month.
- Production supervisors and other indirect labor working in the factory are owed wages totaling $27,000.
- The following costs were incurred related to the factory: building depreciation of $29,000, insurance of $11,000 (originally recorded as prepaid insurance), utilities of $4,000 (to be paid the next month), and maintenance costs of $22,000 (paid immediately).
- Manufacturing overhead is applied to products based on the following cost driver activity for the month:
Number of purchase orders
Number of machine setups
Direct labor hours
- The following selling costs were incurred: wages of $5,000 (to be paid the next month), building rent of $3,000 (originally recorded as prepaid rent), and advertising totaling $10,000 (to be paid the next month).
- The following general and administrative (G&A) costs were incurred: wages of $13,000 (to be paid the next month), equipment depreciation of $6,000, and building rent of $7,000 (originally recorded as prepaid rent).
- Completed goods costing $155,000 were transferred out of work-in-process inventory.
- Sold goods for $100,000 on account and $90,000 cash.
- The goods sold in the previous transaction had a cost of $129,000.
- Closed the manufacturing overhead account to cost of goods sold.
Question1: Calculate the predetermined overhead rate for each activity.
Question2: Prepare T-accounts for the following accounts: cash, accounts receivable, prepaid insurance, prepaid rent, raw materials inventory, work-in-process inventory, finished goods inventory, accumulated depreciation (building and equipment), accounts payable, wages payable, manufacturing overhead, sales, cost of goods sold, advertising expense (selling), rent expense (selling), wages expense (selling), depreciation expense (G&A), rent expense (G&A), and wages expense (G&A). Enter beginning balances in T-accounts for the inventory accounts (raw materials, work in process, and finished goods).
Question3: Is overhead underapplied or overapplied for the month of May? Based on the balance in the manufacturing overhead T-account prepared in requirement c, prepare a journal entry for transaction 12.
Question4:Prepare a journal entry for each of the transactions 1 through 11, and post each entry to the T-accounts set up in requirement b. Label each entry in the T-accounts by transaction number, and total each T-account.